Symptoms and Causes of Migraine-How to Prevent it?

Migraine is a painful headache occuring on one side of the head that can persist for hours and even for days. A person who suffers from this kind of headache experiences the feeling of nausea and vomiting all the time. During migraine attacks patients may become over sensitive towards sound and light and remain too irritated. The word migraine has been derived from the French word “Migraigne”. However its occurrence depends on many factors such as gender, age and the type of migraine one is suffering from.

Migraine is a pulsating headache that occurs mostly on one side. Read this article to find out its symptoms, treatment and preventions…

What causes migraine?

Migraine headaches are usually caused due to the changes in the level of a brain chemical called serotonin. Levels of this chemical affects our blood vessels majorly. When they become high, blood vessels constrict and when they fall blood vessels swell.  Migraine occurs when this level becomes low. However fluctuations in serotonin depend on the level of blood sugar and estrogen.

Changing sleep patterns and insomnia are also responsible for triggering migraines. Also, people who consume more caffeine and alcohol and those who are suffering from some kind of physical and emotional stress also suffer from migraine headaches occasionally.

Symptoms of Migraine

Following is a list of possible migraine symptoms…

  • Sweet Food cravings
  • Feeling of nausea or vomiting or both
  • Irritation with strong odors, light and sound
  • Feeling of intense energy followed by fatigue
  • Sleeplessness
  • Anxiety
  • Fever with headache
  • Blurred vision
  • Intense pain on one side of head

How to prevent Migraine?

Try to maintain a record of when and around what migraine has occurred in your case. Once you have identified irritants, they can easily be removed and managed. It is very important to follow healthy diet and regular exercise.  Medicinal practitioners may advice medicines like beta-blockers, tricyclic antidepressants or anticonvulsants to prevent migraine.

What treatments you can adopt?

Some commonly prescribed migraine headache relieving medications are given below…

  • Triptans– One of the most effective medication that relieves from headaches, nausea and sensitivity to light.
  • Anti-nausea– reduces the feeling of nausea and at time stops vomiting.
  • Ergots– Provide relief but not as effective as triptans
  • Opiates– Prescribed to the patients who do not react well to triptans and ergots
  • Non-Steroidal Anti-Inflammatory drugs– these painkillers such as aspirin and ibuprofen are best for treating mild cases.

All migraine relieving medicines should be taken after a complete diagnosis on the type and severity of migraine symptoms.

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